Monday, November 7, 2011

chrysanthemum festivals(2)


Yashiro Chrysanthemum Festival
Chrysanthemum figure(菊人形,kiku-ningyo)wears a costume made of chrysanthemum flowers or leaves. Gardeners in Edo started Kiku-ningyo in the end of the Edo Period. An old book says that chrysanthemum works like topiary were very popular in Edo Period. This event reproduces the famous scenes of historical events involving famous historical figures.
Nihonmatsu Chrysanthemum Dolls in 2005

Nihonmatsu Chrysanthemum Dolls is being held from October 15th to November 13th in Nihonmatsu City, Fukushima Prefecture.

this photo by 日本列島お国自慢


Nanyo Chrysanthemum Festival in 2005


Specialists called Kikushi(菊師) fix up dolls with small chrysanthemum flowers.

this photo by 日本列島お国自慢


Nanyo Chrysanthemum Festival

Nanyo Chrysanthemum Festival(南陽の菊まつり) in Nanyo City, Yamagata Prefecture is being held from October 22nd to November 13th.


Hirakara Dai-kiku-ningyo

Hirakara Dai-kiku-ningyo at Hirakata Park in Osaka ended in 2005 due to aging of kikushi and lack of successors, but several chrysanthemum dolls are decorated every year. Dai-kiku-ningyo was held as one-time event last year. Some chrysanthemum dolls and flowers are placed in the street by citizen volunteers in Hirakata.

this photo by 高画質壁紙写真集無料壁紙


Bonsai(盆栽)
Chrysanthemums are often planted on rock.

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center






Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center



Yashiro Chrysanthemum Festival


Yashiro Chrysanthemum Festival


















chrysanthemum festivals

Yashiro Chrysanthemum Festival





Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center




Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center



Tatsuno Chrysanthemum Shows



Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center

Edo-giku(江戸菊)















Sorakuen Chrysanthemum Shows


Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center











Sorakuen Chrysanthemum Shows



Sorakuen Chrysanthemum Shows









Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center


this photo by 高画質壁紙写真集無料壁紙



Akashi Park Chrysanthemum Shows




Noji-giku

Noji-giku(野路菊, Chrysanthemum japonense)  is a chrysanthemum indigenous to Japan. Botanist Tomitaro Makino(牧野富太郎) discovered the chrysanthemum in 1924. He supposed that Noji-giku from Japan developed into a variety of chrysanthemum called Iegiku(家菊, florists' daisy, Chrysanthemum × morifolium syn. Chrysanthemum × grandiflorum Kitam.) However, Noji-giku is not believed to be the ancestor of Iegiku now.

Iegiku is the ancestor of the present bred varieties. It is said that chrysanthemum came from China to Japan as a medicinal plant. Kiku(菊, chrysanthemum) appears in Kaifuso (懐風藻, Fond Recollections of Poetry) which is the oldest collection of Chinese poetry written by Japanese poets in 751, but it is supposed that people in those days didn't have the opportunity to see real Iegiku.

colony of Noji-giku in Oshio

Oshio(大塩) in Himeji City, Hyogo Prefecture is known as the largest colony of Noji-giku.  Hyogo Prefecture is said to be the northern limit of its habitat. Noji-giku are Hyogo Prefecture's official flower.

most photos by 神戸観光壁紙写真集

Now chrysanthemum with sixteen petals is used as the crest of the imperial family, but the oldest anthology of tanka poems called Manyo-shu doesn't include poems on chrysanthemum and seven autumnal flowers also don't include it. According to a theory, Momoyogusa(百代草) in Manyo-shu refers to wild chrysanthemum.

Nobles in the Heian Period appreciated dead chrysanthemum flowers.They appear in the Tale of Genji.

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