when and where to see fall foliage (Japanese version only):

Sunday, November 6, 2011

chrysanthemum festivals(1)

Chrysanthemum festivals are being held throughout Japan.

Chrysanthemum flowers was said to be at their peak four or five days after Rittou(the first day of winter, November 8th this year.)

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center in Kasai City

Tatsuno Chrysanthemum Shows in Tatsuno City, Hyogo Prefecture

This type has spherical flower heads with tubular petals.

Long petals radiate out from the underside of spherical flower heads.

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center in Kasai City

this photo by 高画質壁紙写真集無料壁紙

Himeji Castle Chrysanthemum Shows in Himeji City, Hyogo Prefecture

Kakogawa Chrysanthemum Shows in Kakogawa City, Hyogo Prefecture

trident atsumono chrysanthemum

A single plant has three flowers. It's difficult to grow three flowers in a balanced fashion. One in the back should be higher than the others, the two flowers in front should be the same in height and all of flowers should be the same in size. My father made an abortive attempt to grow this chrysanthemum.

Kakogawa Chrysanthemum Shows

(chrysanthemums in front)


small type of trident atsumono chrysanthemum


Small type of atsumono. Top-heavy chrysanthemum is like a Fukusuke Doll.

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center

Harima-cho Chrysanthemum Shows in Hyogo Prefecture

pinching a single plant repeatedly to make it branch out and making up it in a semi-spherical shape, a gardener produces several hundred flowers. In Shinjuku Gyoen, three plants with flowers between 565 and 627 were displayed last year. This method was started in 1884.

Tatsuno Chrysanthemum Shows

Senrin-zukuri(千輪作り) is modeled after Ozukuri.

Sorakuen(相楽園) Chrysanthemum Shows in Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture

at Nihonmatsu Chrysanthemum Dolls

There is a Senrin-zukuri chrysanthemum with three-colored flowers at Nihonmatsu Chrysanthemum Dolls.

Nihonmatsu Chrysanthemum Dolls(二本松の菊人形) is a chrysanthemum show held in Nihonmatsu City, Fukushima Prefecture.
Due to the quake, the period of the show is shortened (from October 15th to November 13th ) and admission is free this year.

this phot by 日本列島お国自慢

In the Edo Period, "100-variety chrysanthemum(百種接分菊)" was made by grafting 100 different varieties of chrysanthemum onto a single plant. It appears in the ukiyo-e of Utagawa Kuniyoshi(歌川国芳,1797-1861).
You can see this chrysanthemum at Hamamatsu Flower Park in Shizuoka Prefecture from early November to early December. The park's Web page shows this chrysanthemum.

Sorakuen Chrysanthemum Shows

cascade chrysanthemums(懸崖作り)

A single plant has many chrysanthemum flowers.

Akashi Park Chrysanthemum Shows in Akashi City, Hyogo Prefecture

Ise, Choji and Saga-giku are classical varieties of chrysanthemums.

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center

(chrysanthemums in front left)

Isegiku is like a shaggy pom pom and was cultivated in Ise area(present Mie Prefecture.)

Yashiro Chrysanthemum Festival in Kato City, Hyogo Prefecture


It has anemone type flowers.

Choji(丁子) means clove. It's called Choji-giku from its resemblance to clove flowers. One flower in the center is surrounded by six flowers.

(chrysanthemums in upper left)

It is said that Emperor Saga(786-842) planted this chrysanthemum on the grounds of the Imperial Palace in Sagano, Kyoto.
It's like an upside down broom.

(chrysanthemums second from the right)

It's a single-petal chrysanthemum more than 20 centimeters in diameter. It has around 16 petals.

Akashi Park Chrysanthemum Shows

Its all petals are like a tube(管, kuda).

Kakogawa Chrysanthemum Shows

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center

most photos by 神戸観光壁紙写真集

Hyogo Prefectural Flower Center

this photo by 高画質壁紙写真集無料壁紙

Shinjuku Gyoen Kikka-ten (Chrysanthemum Exhibition) is being held at Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden in Tokyo between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. from November 1st to 15th. The admission fee is 200 yen for adults and 50 yen for middle school students and younger.

Seven exhibit booths are set up in its kaiyu-shiki(circuit style) garden and chrysanthemum flowers are displayed in a traditional Japanese way.

The following web pages introduce last year's exhibition at Shinjuku Gyoen. (The characters may be garbled because the text is written using Shift JIS code as a character set.)

This page introduces Ozukuri(大作り) and cascade chrysanthemums.
This page introduces Ise, Choji and Saga, Kudamono and Ihcimonji.
This page introduces Higo-giku(肥後菊).

The cultivation of Higo-giku started in Higo area(present Kumamoto Prefecture) at the end of the 18th century. Because the 8th lord of the Higo Domain encouraged its cultivation as a mental training for samurai. A member of the domain wrote the technical guidebook for the cultivation of Higo-giku in 1819.
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