Sunday, January 30, 2011

eruption, snow and bird flu

A volcano named Shinmoe-dake (新燃岳) in Kyushu is erupting and volcanic ash is falling on a widespread area. There are many volcanoes in Japan and some of them often erupt. An old friend of mine who lived in Kagoshima of Kyushu said that volcanic ash of Sakura-jima(桜島) fell on Kagoshima City in summer.

Many areas in Japan is experiencing heavy snowfall this winter.
Houses can't bear the weight of a heavy layer of snow if people get the snow off them. There have been more accidents during snow removal.

H5N1 avian flu outbreak has been confirmed in several areas in Japan. It's thought that the wild birds are carrying the virus.
The infected birds include Hooded cranes(鍋鶴, nabe-zuru), White-naped cranes(真鶴, mana-zuru) and Whooper swans.

Nearly 90 percent of Hooded cranes and nearly 50 percent of White-naped cranes overwinter at Izumi in Kyusu of Japan. Both of them are designated as an endangered species, so there is concern about decreasing populations of them.
tulip(green)  Mizu-asobi(水遊び)
tulip(pink)   Tsuru(鶴, crane)

This is a Red-crowned crane(丹頂鶴, tancho-zuru) that is known as a symbol of luck and longevity. A flock of them is resident in Hokkaido.

These tulips are like cabbage..

These confections contain steamed and mashed lily bulbs.

Japan's national team won the Asian Cup soccer tournament.
This is the only upbeat topic.

Saturday, January 29, 2011

the numbers of visiting shrines and temples

Many Japanese people visit a Shinto shrine or Buddhist temple at the beginning of January.
Although The National Police Agency used to release its estimates for people visiting shrines and temples between January 1st and 3rd around this time of the year, it announced that it would not release the estimates due to its inexactness last year.

The Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples that were ranked in the top ten in 2010 are as follows.

1. Meiji Jingu Shrine(明治神宮)   3.2 million visitors
2. Narita-san Shinsho-ji Temple(成田山新勝寺)   2.98 million
3. Kawasaki Daishi Heikenji Temple(川崎大師平間寺)   2.96 million
4. Fushimi Inari Taisha Shrine(伏見稲荷大社)   2.7 million
5. Sumiyoshi Grand Shrine (住吉大社, Sumiyoshi-taisha)   2.6 million
6. Senso-ji Temple(浅草寺) in Asakusa(7位)  2.54 million
7. Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine(鶴岡八幡宮)   2.5 million
8. Atsuta-jingu Shrine (熱田神宮)   2.35 million
9. Omiya Hikawa Jinja Shrine(大宮氷川神社)   2.05 million
10. Dazaifu Tenman-gu Srinne(大宰府天満宮)   2 million

Meiji Jingu Shrine was built in 1920 to honor Emperor Meiji(1852-1912)  and Empress Shoken(1849-1914).

Groves are attached to shrines. An artificial grove was created for the shrine.  Plant scientists took potential natural vegetation into consideration for everlasting grove.  They decided to plant evergreen broadleaf trees such as chinquapin trees, oak trees so that the grove of the shrine would become close to the wild condition in 100 years.

Although the prime minister at that time insisted on planting Japanese cedars like the avenue of cedars at Nikko Toshogu, they convinced him that the cedars didn't thrive around the shrine.
The grove has thriven naturally in the shrine's climate.
About 100,000 trees of 365 different kinds were planted, and 170,000 trees of 246 different kinds are firmly rooted in the grove now.

Recently, an old well called Kiyomasa no Ido(清正井) on the site of the shrine is famous as an energy spot or a sacred place. However, we are not allowed to get some water from the well. People only use its image as their cellular phone wallpaper.


Narita-san Shinsho-ji has a profound connection with the Ichikawa family in kabuki.

Refer to Fushimi Inari Taisha for information about hatsu-uma.

Tree Peonies are now at their peak at a garden in Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu. It requires an entrance fee.

Dazaifu Tenman-gu was built in 919 to honor Sugawara Michizane.
Refer to Michizane for information about Ume-Matsuri and Why did Sugawara Michizane become a god?

Sunday, January 23, 2011

The mountain-burning event

The mountain-burning event at Mount Wakakusa (若草山, Wakakusa-yama) in Nara Prefecture was held yesterday. The event attracts many visitors. It's held annually on the 4th Saturday in January now.
Various events and a prayer for safety are held before its prescribed burn that starts around 18:00 and ends around 19:00.
However its exact origin is unclear. The montain was already covered with turf by 1255.

Thursday, January 20, 2011

Daikan

Abashiri Local Meteorological Observatory observed the drift ice in the Sea of Okhotsk yesterday. A staff of Shiretoko Nature Center said that ice like sherbet was casting ashore and it led to the onset of a full-fledged winter.

The 20th day of the 1st month is called Hatsuka-shogatsu(二十日正月). On this day, all of the events related to Shogatsu finish. In the old days it was thought that the god of the New Year came back to the sky, and Kagami-Biraki(鏡開き: eating New Year's rice cakes) used to be held on this day.
 
According to system of 24 seasonal divides that originated in ancient China, today is the coldest day in winter called Daikan(大寒).  It's very cold about this time of the year.

The second coldest day called Shokan(小寒) was January 6th.  We can send a midwinter greeting card (寒中見舞い, Kanchu-mimai ) during the period from Shokan to Rissyun(立春:the first day of spring, February 4th).

The ninth day from Shokan is called Kanku(寒九). Coldness and drying keep away bacteria from developing during this period, so sake brewers used to draw water on this day. Even now a brewer draws mountain water on the day of Kanku.

Body trainings such as midwinter training and midwinter swimming are held during the period.

Monday, January 17, 2011

the 16th anniversary of the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake

Sixteen years have passed since the Great Hanshin Awaji earthquake occurred on January 17.

A TV drama derived from the earthquake is now showing at some theaters in Japan.
The leading characters are a man and a woman who experienced the earthquake in their childhood. They walk through the town of Kobe.

His father who worked with housing-related materials made massive profits after the Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. However, he didn't feel like staying. He tells his stories.

After one of her friends was killed by the quake, the friend's father became mentally unbalanced. She couldn't bear to see him living in Kobe, but she takes the plunge and sees him.

Finally, they attend a memorial ceremony held in Kobe at 5:46 JST on January 17.

The two actors playing the lead in the drama actually experienced the earthquake.
The ceremony is held annually on January 17 at Higashi Yuenchi Park to mourn the victims and pass on stories of the disaster. This drama was shot at the park in the early morning of January 17th.
The town of Kobe also plays the leading part.

Sunday, January 16, 2011

Yabuiri

The 16th day of the 1st month was called Yabuiri(藪入り).

Yama(閻魔大王, Enma Daiou) is the lord of death and give sentence on the dead.  Yama and devils working in hell take time off on the 16th day of the 1st month and the 16th day of the 7th month when the lid of hell's caldron is taken off. So hell is closed on the two days.

Merchants' apprentices took a leave of absence on these days.  Their masters gave them seasonable clothes and their allowance. They visited Enma-do(閻魔堂: Yama hall) and entertainment spots such as Ueno, Asakusa and a playhouse.

Married women could go home to see their parents on these days.

In the Edo Period, merchants and artisans ordinarily had 1st, 15th and 28th of each month off. In addition, they had many regular holidays under the arrangement with their peers and holidays associated with various events.

According to a public agreement issued in Osaka in 1794, artisans worked from 8 am to 6 pm, had a thirty-minute break at 10 am and 2 pm and had an hour lunch break (two-hour break from the 8th day of the 4th month to the 1st day of the 8th month).
Their holidays included 1st and 15th days of each month, five festival days, New Year's holidays from the 25th day of the 12th month to the 9th day of the 1st month and Bon holidays from the 11th day of the 7th month to 20th.

Saturday, January 15, 2011

Ko-shogatsu

The annual National Center Test for University Admissions is conducted throughout Japan on January 15th and 16th, but it's snowing in many areas.  The test serves as the preliminary hurdle for those seeking entrance to public universities. Recently, more private schools have adopted the test.

The first three days of the new year are called sanga nichi or Shogatsu(正月). The 15th day of the 1st month has been called Ko-shogatsu(小正月) which literally means minor shogatsu.

Housewives used to be busy for reception to visitors or relatives for the three days, but they took a rest on January 15th. So it is said New Year holidays for women. Originally the period called matsu-no-uchi(松の内)last until January 15th.
Ancient people had the custom of eating rice gruel with sweet adzuki beans on this day.


The events of Ko-shogatsu include Sagicho(左義長), Torioi(鳥追い: driving off birds) and Tsunahiki(綱引き: tug of war).

Sagicho is an event to burn New Year's decorations or calligraphy works written on January 2nd. It's also called Dondo-yaki(どんど焼き). The event is thought to be held to pray for good harvests, good health and the safety of families or to send the god of the New Year back to the sky by burning things related to Shogatsu. This event is held across the country.

Torioi is thought to be held to pray for protecting rice paddies from birds. Children parade through the town singing a song.
Tsunahiki is a tug-of-war between two neighboring villages or areas to tell whether crops would be good or not.
These events are still held in areas such as Tohoku and Shinetsu.

Friday, January 14, 2011

Utakai Hajime

Utakai Hajime (Imperial New Year's Poetry Reading) was held at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo on January 14. The reading of traditional tanka poetry is convened by the Emperor.
This year's theme was "葉(ha: the leaf)" and next year's theme is "岸(kishi: the shore)".

Ceremony of the Utakai Hajime(The Imperial Household Agency)


Gyodai(odai)-gashi(御題菓子:confection associated with this year's theme)

This confection is named Oimatu(老松: old pine). Pines have been reagarded as a sacred tree and a symbol of longevity in Japan since ancient times. Old pines are stately.

Monday, January 10, 2011

Coming-of-Age Day and Lucky Men

The second Monday of January is Coming-of-Age Day.  Coming-of-Age ceremonies were held in most areas. New adults have grown up after burst of the economic bubble. So they have never experienced a booming economy.
re-enactment of the race




Nishinomiya Jinja Shrine(西宮神社) in Nishinomiya City of Hyogo Prefecture is the head shrine that is dedicated to Ebisu. Its main gate is opened at six in the morning of January 10th and many men rush into the main hall to win laurels as "Lucky Men".
Top three men can get alcoholic drinks, a bag of rice and a statue of Ebisu.

写真提供:神戸観光壁紙写真集
photo: http://kobe-mari.maxs.jp/

Sunday, January 9, 2011

Toka-Ebisu

photos: (c)joyphoto.com (Japanese version only)
These pictures were taken in 2010.

Toka-Ebisu(十日えびす) is being held at Imamiya Ebisu Jinja Shrine(今宮戎神社) in Osaka from anuary 9th to 11th. It's a festival to pray for the prosperity of business.
(Refer to Ebisu-kou and Bettara fair for information on Ebisu-kou)

Fuku-musume(福娘:Lucky Girls) bestow a moso bamboo branch on visitors and attach a talisman and auspicious objects called kiccho(吉兆) on it from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. for the three days.

The objects are modeled after eboshi(烏帽子), fan(末広,suehiro), moneybag(銭袋,zenibukuro), oval gold coin(小判,koban), sea bream, mortar(臼,usu), lucky mallet(打出の小槌,uchide-no-kozuchi), account book(大福帳,daifukucho), masu(升:a square wooden box used to measure rice), bags of rice(米俵,kome-dawara), awabi-noshi(鮑熨斗:dried and stretched abalone), weight(分銅, fundo) and chogin(丁銀:oval silver coin in the Edo Period).

Eboshi is a black-lacquered headgear originally worn by court nobles in ancient Japan.

Bamboo branches and talismans are provided gratis, but other objects cost 1,500 yen each.

 
Hoekago procession(宝恵駕籠行列, Hoekago Gyoretsu) paraded on 9th. Dressed geisha visited the shrine on palanquins in the middle of the 18th century. Now entertainers, baseball players, geisha and puppeteer and puppet of bunraku participate in the parade.
National Bunraku Theatre is near the shrine.
Fuku-musume is wearing eboshi.



Tuesday, January 4, 2011

the first working day of the year

In Japan, January 4th is the first working day of the year for most public servants and companies.

The stock exchanges in Japan held the first session of the new year called daihakkai(大発会). Female employees wearing long-sleeved kimono ring the opening bell at Tokyo Stock Exchange every year. They are able to choose whether or not to wear kimono, so they spend their own money for dressing and hairdressing.

Sunday, January 2, 2011

first things of the year

Return rush has started. Expressways, bullet trains and flights were crowded.

About 77,000 people went to the Imperial Palace and offer their congratulations to the Emperor. The Emperor and the imperial family wave to the people standing on a balcony five times. People are allowed to enter the palace only on January 2nd and the Emperor's birthday.

People do the various first things of the year on January 2nd.

Hatsuyume(初夢) means the first dream of the new year.  It refers to the dream seen on the night of January 1st or 2nd.

People have believed their fortunes are told in the dream, so they slept after placing a picture of a ship full of treasures called takarabune(宝船) under their pillows to have a good dream.

Kakizome(書き初め) is the first calligraphy writing of the New Year held on January 2nd of each year.

The day is also the first day of work for fishermen, farmers, woodcutters and merchants.

Most department stores around Japan reopened for business and began selling lucky bags called fukubukuro(福袋) on January 2nd.
Most major supermarkets came to be open on January 1st since the mid-1990s, but some of them are closed on the day recently.

A lucky bag used to be a set of various mystery articles, but now many shops announce a bag's contents in advance.  Queues of people formed in front of department stores.

Lucky bags include clothes, edible goods and various other items. There are also lucky bags containing a 500-thousand-yen wedding package, a 18-million-yen vacation package, a 10-million-yen set of a piano and a cameo accessory, a 10-million-yen kimono and a 200-million-yen diamond accessories.

Saturday, January 1, 2011

New Year's Day

明けまして おめでとう ございます

Happy New Year!

Few people could see the new year's first sunrise because it was a snowy or rainy New Year's Day in many areas. People also saw the sunrise in the Edo Period.

Many people visited a shrine or a temple today.
I slept in, ate New Year's dishes, got New Year's cards and sent replies to them.

Ready-made New Year's dishes. These include many untraditional ingredients.





Both ends of the chopsticks for New Year holidays become narrow to share New Year's dishes with the deity of the year.



Swiss roll containing bean paste and printed a pattern of the rabbit.

This is the year of the Rabbit, according to the Chinese zodiac. Each of the 12 Chinese zodiac signs is related to a characteristic animal such as a rabbit and a tiger.









Decades ago, everything was closed during the first three days of the new year.  In the Edo Period, most commoners spent all day doing nothing on New Year's Day.

They got some water from a well in the early morning, made soup containing vegetables and rice cakes for New Year's Day called ozouni(お雑煮) and drunk New Year's spiced sake called toso(屠蘇) on New Year's Day.

They were not supposed to clean their house, got angry and scold a servant during the first three days of the new year.

Merchants and artisans worked late into the night on New Year's Eve and got a lot of rest on New Year's Day.
Meanwhile, feudal lords had to visit a shogun for New Year's greetings at seven a.m. on New Year's Day.

One year has passed since I started this blog.
Thank you and best wishes for a happy new year.